How To Build A Homemade DIY Hydroponics System Setup Using PVC Pipes Complete Guide
A homemade PVC hydroponic system made using the appropriate design guarantees to get rid of any kind of problems that are related with the use of the hydroponic system as well as makes its daily use much simpler.
A hydroponic gardening system with PVC pipe can be built using the basic tools that are often found within a household.
These tools include:
- Chalk Line
- Tape measure
- Soldering iron
- Hole saw
- Hack saw
- Power drill
|DEWALT DC970K-2 18-Volt Compact Drill/Driver Kit||Power Drill||5.2 Pounds||4.5|
|DEWALT D180005 14 Piece Master Hole Saw Kit||Hole Saw||3 Pounds||4.4|
|DEWALT DWHT20547L 5-in-1 Hacksaw||Hack Saw||330lbs||4.5|
|Stanley 33-725 25-Feet FatMax Tape Measure||Tape Measure||1.2 Pounds||4.6|
|Tajima CR301JF Chalk-Rite Jam Free Chalk Snap Line Box||Chalk Line||7.2 Ounces||4.6|
|EXPO Low-Odor Dry Erase Set, Chisel Tip, Assorted Colors, 8-Piece||Maker||4.5|
|Full Set 60W 110V Soldering Iron Kit - Adjustable Temperature, 5pcs Different Tips||Soldering Iron||8.8 Ounces||4.5|
The materials include:
- Four 10 ft 4 inch PVC pipes
- Eight 4 inch PVC elbows
- PVC pipe glue
- Duct tape
- Hydroponic Submersible Pump
- PVC primer
- 4 ft Hydroponic pump hose
- 6 inch air stones
- 40 pieces of 16 Oz plastic cups
- A 30 gallon plastic storage tote with its lid
- 20 liter bag of expanded clay pellets
- 2 Sawhorses
|Genova Products 30107CP 3/4-Inch PVC Pipe Coupling - 10 Pack|| PVC coupling|
PVC Schedule 40 pressure fittings
Ideal for cold water pressure applications
Used to join lengths of pipe
Conveniently packaged in quantities of 10
Ideal for irrigation and underground residential sprinkler systems
Schedule 40 Pressure Fitting
|6.6 ounces||4.6||Check Price|
|Genova Products 30707CP 3/4-Inch 90 Degree PVC Pipe Elbow - 10 Pack|| Used to change direction in piping|
PVC Schedule 40 pressure fittings
Ideal for cold water pressure applications
Used in irrigation, underground residential sprinkler system, water service pipe, deionized water lines, swimming pool installations and some chemical drainage systems
Used to change direction in piping
Conveniently packaged in quantities of 10
|10.4 ounces||4.3||Check Price|
|Gorilla Clear PVC PrimaGlue 8oz.|| Primer and Glue in One Can!|
No Additional Primer Required!
Medium Body - Low VOC Formula
Virtually Odorless - Water Cleanup
|8 ounces||4.4||Check Price|
|3M Utility Duct Tape 2929 Silver, 1.88 in x 50 yd 5.8 mils (Pack of 1)|| Used for temporary repairs, light-duty bundling, sealing, and marking|
Natural rubber adhesive sticks well to metal, plastic, and concrete, yet removes easily
Silver polyethylene layer is moisture resistant and accepts permanent marker
Conformable tape bonds to smooth, contoured, and lightly textured surfaces
Tears off the roll cleanly for ease in handling.
|8.8 ounces||4.4||Check Price|
|Superior Pump 91250 1/4 HP Thermoplastic Submersible Utility Pump|| Powerful, 1/4-horsepower, continuous-duty split capacitor motor|
Efficient pump is capable of pumping up to 30 gallons a minute
Can lift water up to 25 feet vertically for versatile use
Durable, corrosion-resistant thermoplastic construction, Backed by a one-year limited warranty
Utility pump - no automatic shut off
|7.6 pounds||4.5||Check Price|
|Oatey 30246 PVC Regular Cement and 4-Ounce NSF Purple Primer Handy Pack|| The product is manufactured in China|
The product is highly durable and easy to use
Easy installation and easy handling
Convenient "Handy Pack" for storage - just add pipe and fittings
Contains one can of PVC Cement and one can of NSF Purple Primer
Clear, recommended for pipe up to 3'' diameter
|10.4 ounces||4.6||Check Price|
|Commercial Duty Pro Garden Hose, 5/8-Inch by 100-Feet|| Guaranteed Not to Kink or Tangle|
Heavy Gauge Power Coil
Industrial Strength Lead-Free Aluminum Couplings Leak & Crush-proof
Contains Microshield to Prevent Mold and Mildew
Remains Flexible Down to 45 degrees
|2.4 pounds||4.0||Check Price|
|Active Aqua Air Stone Cylinder|| An ideal way to add oxygen to your hydroponic growing system|
Micropore design energizes the growing solution as it aerates and circulates nutrients
Air stones extend the life of your nutrient solution, help keep roots healthy, and promote exceptional growth
|6.4 ounces||4.4||Check Price|
|Plastic Assorted Colors Cups|| Each package contains 100 16-ounce plastic cups in assorted colors|
Includes a mix of four vibrant party colors - Amethyst, Neptune Blue, Paprika, and Apple Green
#1 Branded Party Cup in America based on sales
|2 pounds||4.5||Check Price|
|27 Gallon/102 Liter Industrial Tote, Black Lid & Base|| Outside Dimensions: 30.5 x 20.63 x 15.25|
Includes 4 Totes, 4 Lids
Made in the USA
Key hole design in lid provides options for tie downs
|8 pounds||4.5||Check Price|
|Expanded Clay Growing Media Hydroponic Aggregate Pebbles Pellets||50 L 8 mm. Superior water-storing properties|
Pure mineral without fibers or solvents
Coarse pored and aerate expanded clay
Offers excellent evaporation protection as a top layer
Can be used with all current hydroponic systems
|1 pounds||4.6||Check Price|
|Black ProBrackets Sawhorse, Pack of 2||2x4basics 90196. Build up to eight feet long and four feet high. Can support up to 2000 pounds (900 kg) per pair|
Features two levels for double capacity . Easily assembles with only a screwdriver and includes all hardware, four brackets, and eight stabilizing feet to make two sawhorses
|8.7 pounds||4.4||Check Price|
A great place to get these tools at discounted rates is definitely at Walmart.
You may also opt to get the latest advanced hydroponics growing kits here.
Once all materials and tools have been collected it is time to get working. The end result should be a system that is 3 ½ FT by 8 FT and can accommodate up to 36 plants that are 6 inches in height.
The hydroponic garden system should also have the ability to hold up to 15 gallons of water while the nutrient reservoir should hold another 15- 20 gallons.
Table Of Contents
- 1 Best Way to Cut The PVC Pipes
- 2 Lets now do the Gluing together of the cut PVC parts:
- 3 Drilling the Plant Holes
- 4 Cleaning Of the System
- 5 DIY Hydroponics Netted Pots at Home
- 6 Controlling Of Water Levels in the PVC Pipes
- 7 How To Setup The PVC Hydroponic Gardening System
- 8 Why We Recommend this System.
Best Way to Cut The PVC Pipes
A homemade hydroponic systems PVC pipes should be cut nice and straight into 7 FT 6inches long making sure that none of the pieces are longer than the other. Cut an additional three 6 inch pieces to be used to make the u-turns using the PVC elbows.
Use the PVC primer to clean the burrs from the pieces that have been cut both on the inside of fitting as well as the end of the pipe. When gluing the piece together ensure to hold them together for a few seconds so as to avoid them from popping back out.
The glue is applied on the fittings and the end of the pipe approximately 4 to 5 times on each and should cover 1 ½ inches on the end of the pipe.
The pieces should be twisted just a bit in order to shut out any air bubbles. Make three u- turns by pushing each u-turn together and putting it upright on a surface.
DIY PVC hydroponics systems setup are quite simple. It entails the cutting and assembling of the PVC pipes, cutting holes for the plants, reinforcing the hydroponic system, cleaning the system, making the homemade netted pots as well as controlling the water level in the pipes.
Lets now do the Gluing together of the cut PVC parts:
The elbow should be glued to one of the longer pieces and the other end is glued to one of the u- turns ensuring the elbow is facing up and the upturn is lying flat on the ground. Glue another u- turn to the other end of the long pipe and ensure it is flat on the ground.
Another long piece is then glued to the other end of the u- turn. On the other end push on the final 90* elbow without gluing it on.
This elbow should point up in the air to keep the final long piece level during the period as it dries.
Drilling the Plant Holes
It is highly recommended to leave the system to dry overnight before undertaking the task of cutting the plant holes.
This will ease the process and ensure that it does not come apart or dismantle while you are trying to make the plant holes. The holes should be made at the complete top of the PVC pipe otherwise if it is put a bit off centre then there is a high probability that the system will have a leakage at that spot.
Measure 3 ½ inches in from the elbow and mark it with a dot over the centre line. Each long pipe should have 9 dots that is drilled to make a pilot hole using a small drill bit to prevent the hole saw from “walking”.
The above works very well with hydroponically grown tomatoes.
Use a thin piece of metal to clean the PVC burrs as soon as all the holes have been cut to ensure that the water pump is not clogged with little pieces of PVC.
Great levers are made from the long pipes. They should not be moved up or down either left or right in high degrees otherwise there is a risk of cracking the system at the u- turn joint.
The distance between the long pipes needs to be measured before cutting three sections of PVC to the length obtained after measuring.
The sections in between the long pipes should be wedged and then duct- taped into place making sure the tape is between the plant holes instead of covering them.
Cleaning Of the System
The system will need to be cleaned and flushed out a number of times after it has been reinforced and is safe from breaking. The hydroponic system is lifted off the ground and set on a couple of sawhorses.
The rinse water is caught by placing the reservoir at the end of the system. Water is shot into the PVC pipe using a hose with a good spray nozzle to remove all the PVC burr debris from the pipe. A toilet brush is also helpful for this procedure.
DIY Hydroponics Netted Pots at Home
16 Oz disposable cups are used to make the netted pots by burning small holes using a smoldering iron. The holes are made on the sides and at the bottom of the cups.
This step should be done in the open air environment to avoid suffocation from the smoke. The holes should not be large enough to be seen or to let the clay pellets to fall out once the cup has been filled.
Controlling Of Water Levels in the PVC Pipes
A dam hydroponic system is constructed at the end of the system just before the water flows back into the reservoir. This dam is purposed to keep the water level in the hydroponic system as high as it possibly can without causing any leakages.
You can also use StealthRO 200 Reverse Osmosis Water Filter
SuperCloset StealthRO 200 Reverse Osmosis Water Filter
Find a piece of thin plastic and using a 4 inch piece of scrap PVC, trace out a circle on the plastic and cut it out. A flat side of the circle that represents the height you would like to maintain is then cut off. Cut two slits in order to give you a flap that you can bend down in order to fine tune the level of water.
The last elbow is wedged into place at 90* in order to test things out. The last elbow is not glued but instead is coated with a thin layer of vaseline. A 24- 30 inch of PVC is attached to the elbow and used to carry water from the homemade hydroponic system back into the nutrient reservoir.
Instead of pointing downwards, this pipe should run at an angle in order to prevent any splashing as well as the sound of falling water. The end of the pipe should be emerged into the nutrient reservoir and notches cut in the side of the lid of the reservoir so as to accommodate the PVC return and the water pump line.
How To Setup The PVC Hydroponic Gardening System
The homemade PVC hydroponics system is filled with water while the reservoir is filled 1/3 of water.
The pump is then turned on until there is just as much water going back into the system as there is being pumped into the system.
The water level running through the PC pipes should be ¼ inch or less below the discs.
Sections should be raised until the level of water is a similar distance below every plant hole.
The expanded clay pellets should be soaked overnight and rinse repeatedly if brand new.
Place the 16 Oz cups into each plant hole and add the clay pellets to each cup to the a level just above the water level in the cup.
Stir them with your finger to settle them and ensure that half of them are emerged in water while the other half is not.
Place a 6 inch seedling or clone in each cup as you cover the root and any other cloning material. It is crucial to add the air bubblers once the plants are in the homemade DIY PVC hydroponic system.
The pump should be turned off after some time to give way for the nutrients to be added to the reservoir.
The strength of the nutrient should be brought up to a level that has already been established in the feeding plan of the homemade PVC hydroponic system.
After all this is done, the lid for the nutrient reservoir is placed back on and the routine for maintaining the nutrient solution is then taken up.
The hydroponic PVC garden is only complete once the lights and fans have been installed.
The 1000 watt light is the most recommended light for the job. It should be put up on a short light mover.
A reflective material is then hanged on the one 8 foot side and two 4 foot sides.
At the centre of the 8 foot side, a 12 inch oscillating fan is mounted on a stand and a centrifugal fan of 400 cubic foot per minute is hanged purposefully to push around cool air in and out of the garden area.
Click here for the best already setup hydroponics farming kits.
The correct Way to Use the System.
The best fact of this system is the fact that you can either decide to plant a seed and nurture it grow from start or you could star off the seedlings elsewhere before finally transplanting them into the hydroponic system.
Most of the time, the hydroponic PVC system acts as a flowering system whereby you can start the seeds elsewhere under regular LED Grow light and then transplanting to the homemade PVC hydroponic system when they are ready to be flowered.
Once the seedlings or clones have obtained a 6 inch height and have roots, then they can be transplanted into the DIY PVC hydroponic system and grown vegetatively for a week.
If any plant dies then it should be removed from the system together with its roots. However, the disposable cups as well as the clay pellets should remain in place in the plant holes.
Reduce the light cycle for the plants in the PVC hydroponics garden from 24 hours to 12 hours on then 12 hours off with the use of a digital timer.
Challenges You Are Expected to Encounter
There are various problems that the systems have to overcome. For instance, the homemade hydroponics system is prone to leakages due to the fact that the level of water must be kept very close from the spilling point in order to give the roots of the plants sufficient space in order t grow appropriately.
Another problem surfaces itself halfway through the flowering process whereby the root mass increases highly. This increase hinders the flow and speed of water through the hydroponic system.
The increased volume of the roots does not allow water to move at 360 GPH as the hydroponic pump is set to pump water at 360 gallons per hour.
The best solution for this mishap is to insert a “T” into the water pump line. The side of the nutrient reservoir was left but the other side of the “T” was fed into the hydroponic system.
This act cuts the GPH to 180 GPH, helps to stop the leaking and to top it off, it does not cause any ill effects to the plants in the system.
Why We Recommend this System.
In addition to all that, the PVC homemade hydroponic systems can do, there are also other benefits. The lack of the drip/ spray makes this a very reliable and easy to maintain system.
The hydroponic pump in use produces low pressure and hence handles any kind of risk that could result due to failure such as bursting of a pipe which could spray everywhere until the reservoir is empty and could risk electric fault in the system.
The benefit of this system is that it does not spray and therefore a leak will only drip slowly to the ground making it impossible to empty the reservoir as well as making it easy to recollect.
The DIY PVC hydroponic plan minimizes the exposure of light to the nutrient solution and hence prevents the growth of algae. This also helps in preventing fungus gnats which in turn prevents root damage.
In case of a power black-out, the still water in the system will prevent damage of the roots for a while.
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