Learn The Different Types of Homemade Hydroponics
written by Sarah Wambua
Interior Hydroponic Gardening Systems may either be purchased as a kit or even built from scratch.
It does not matter if you are buying online or even at a garden center, remember to examine the quality of the materials used.
The materials ought to be of good quality which will last a very long time.
It is made evident by the warranty, what it covers, and also the duration of the warranty.
Make sure that you check carefully, because you do not want to be repairing or even replacing materials every other time.
Below are easy hydroponic gardening at home methods that you can try out.
DIY Homemade Hydroponics – Water Culture Method
This system is much like the wick system because it features a nutrient and water reservoir, which uses an air stone for oxygen.
The significant difference is the fact that in place of a wick connected to the plant trays; instead the plants remain in a tray on top of the reservoir.
This way, the plants, take in water as well as the nutrients straight from the reservoir as required.
However, this system does not use the wick. The problem with this method is when you are growing plants which do not like lots of water.
Homemade – Wick Method
With this method, the plants sit in a tray (which of course you can do it yourself) that is connected to the reservoir of the nutrient and water solution by a wick, which lets the water and nutrients be pulled up into the tray.
Oxygen is also provided by the use of an air stone which sits in the reservoir.
This process is easy to make and also maintain, although it may not work well with plants that really grow largely.
Additionally, you may not have many plants in the tray, because the wick may not pull enough of the water and nutrients into the tray to maintain the many plants healthy.
Hydroponic gardening at home Using Mist Method
This process uses the solution of nutrients and water; nevertheless, the plants suspend and the roots are misted with the solution.
The mist system is good where you are dealing with many plants, or even the large plants.
It also works well for the home hydroponic gardener.
The mist method enables you to control the nutrients and water that the plants receive.
DIY Homemade Hydroponics Design – Drip Method
The method is often used in large greenhouses. In this kind of process, you will use a reservoir with the nutrients, air stone and water.
The tray with the plants is above the reservoir, as opposed to have the plants in the water or even using a wick.
Normally, the gardener sets the time, which the water solution is pumped into the tray.
Why Use a Growing Medium In Homemade Hydroponics Plans
The major reason for using a growing medium in the home hydroponics garden would be to make sure that the roots of the plants are sufficiently supplied with oxygen, as opposed to the traditional garden, where the plants roots get oxygen from the soil.
Growing media are made to trap air that will be processed by the plant roots.
Also, a growing medium provides a food reserve for your plants such as, nutrients and air, which are trapped in the pores of the medium, and then offered to the plants if required.
This may help to stop crop failures.
Different Types Of Growing Media
Nevertheless, it does not mean you are growing plants with the absence of soil replacement.
Even though it is not strictly necessary, using some growing medium comes with several benefits.
Below are a few kinds of media that you can choose from.
Perlite and Vermiculite
Perlite is a stony volcanic rock that has good aeration and drainage if used as a growing medium.
Its excellent drainage features signify that it will not hold a lot water; therefore, is poor for trapping nutrients.
Vermiculite is a mineral that acts just like a natural wick, which is capable of absorbing vast amounts of water.
The mixture of Vermiculite and Perlite is good for hydroponics system: because one holds nutrients and water, while the other one holds oxygen and air.
Expanded Clay Pellets
This kind of medium is created from baked clay. The pellets are porous and also retain both water and air perfectly.
They may be reused provided that they are first sterilized.
This medium is made from rockwool and basalt rock, and is usually the best medium for the hydroponics gardeners.
This absorbent material will trap vast amounts of water and air simultaneously.
Produced from the outer husks of coconuts, this medium of growing has become very popular with organic growers.
A few hydroponics growers believe coconut fibres are better than Rockwool in their capability to maintain water and even air.
The colored gravel which is used in fish tanks is an extremely popular growing media. The major reason for the recognition is expense.
This gravel is extremely inexpensive when compared with other growing media, despite its disadvantage of not holding water, as well as plant nutrients.
If you decide to use aquarium gravel, you will need to have a constant supply of water for the plants to prevent root drying.
A home-made hydroponics farming system will provide you with a continuous process of getting fresh vegetables which is not subject to the different seasons.
All you require are some fundamental supplies that be purchased from any hardware store.