This is a branch of hydroculture in which plants are grown in an aquatic based environment or soilless medium.
The medium does not have to be water, it can be a solution filled with nutrients or an inert growing medium such as sand or perlite.
Table Of Contents
- 1 What is a hydroponic system?
- 2 How to Grow Hydroponic System Steps by step Tutorial
- 3 Why choose to grow plants in a hydroponic system
- 3.1 What do I need to get started?
- 3.2 Where can I get a hydroponics system?
- 3.3 Can I build my own hydroponic system?
- 3.4 What about light?
- 3.5 Hydroponic seed nursery
- 3.6 Germinating your hydroponic seeds
- 3.7 Transplanting your hydroponic seeds
- 3.8 Main Types of hydroponic systems
- 3.9 Types of Hydroponic lights Lamp
- 3.10 Hydroponics with LED light technology
- 3.11 How do I choose the best light for my plant?
- 4 Examples Of Hydroponics Gardening Systems
- 4.1 Hydroponic green wall systems
- 4.2 Hydroponic Tiered System
- 4.3 Boxed Hydroponic garden
- 4.4 Hydroponic Indoor Cupboards
- 4.5 Windowsill Hydroponic System
- 4.6 Small Container DIY hydroponics system
- 4.7 Raft Hydroponic System
- 4.8 Hydroponic Crystal Magic
- 4.9 Cascades of Bottles Hydroponics
- 4.10 Dutch Bucket Hydroponic System
- 4.11 Kratky Hydroponic System
- 4.12 Zig Zag Hydroponic System
- 4.13 A-Frame Hydroponic System
- 4.14 PVC gutter hydroponics
- 4.15 Hydroponic Fish Tank
- 4.16 Hydroponic Vertical Garden Pipe
- 4.17 Hydroponic Rain Tower
- 4.18 Smartphone Powered Hydroponic
- 4.19 Big Buddha Box Vertical Hydroponics
- 4.20 Ezgro Original hydroponic Garden Planter
- 4.21 Window Front Aquaponic System
- 4.22 Substrate-based systems
- 4.23 Hydroponic Wall
This type of hydroculture allows plant roots to be in direct contact with a nutrient solution and also have oxygen.
What is a hydroponic system?
This is a structure such as a tray, A-frame or tower that holds an inert medium or water and provides a place to grow plants.
There are different types of hydroponic systems which can meet individual needs of plants. However, each system has to have three essential ingredients for plant growth.
These are oxygen, water/moisture, and nutrients. Hydroponics systems can be classified into the following two categories.
Solution culture: In this hydroponic system, a nutrient-filled solution is provided for the plant roots to grow directly in. It is also known as liquid culture.
Aggregate culture: In this hydroponic system, a medium such as sand, small clay pellets or gravel is provided for the roots to grow in.
How to Grow Hydroponic System Steps by step Tutorial
You can learn how to make a hydroponic garden by following the steps below.
- Decide what you want to grow: You will need to decide what to grow and then buy the hydroponic seeds. Buying seeds will let you be in full control of what to grow. You can also decide to buy seedlings from a hardware or plant store.
- Start your seeds: After deciding how many of each plant you want to grow you will need to start your seeds. This is done by covering them with a plate and putting them in a spot that is warm. You can label the seeds if they are different. Ideally, you should start the hydroponic seeds 3-5 days before you begin building your hydroponic system. You can also use a seedling heating mat.
- Choose a location: You should choose the location of your hydroponic garden and estimate the size needed. You should consider the type of seeds you are planting and the recommended spacing.
- Marking and spacing: Mark and space holes for the pots to be placed in them. A shade cloth should be put over them for the first 3-4 weeks and in hot climates.
- Prepare nutrient solution: Using water and best hydroponic nutrients or fertilizers make up a hydroponic solution to the recommended pH.
- Planting your hydroponic seedlings: It is now time to plant your seedlings (self-raised or bought). Carefully take them out of their pots and gently wash away the soil from the roots.
- Hydroponics Growing medium: Place the seedlings you have cleaned into the growing medium and into the hydroponic solution.
- Monitoring your hydroponic plants: Check on the solution daily and control the chemical balance of water to nutrients since the water usually evaporates.
- Growth of your plants: Watch and wait for your hydroponic plants to grow. You should be sure o keep pests away and watch for root rot.
- Pruning: Make sure you use best pruning shears to keep plants tidy, manipulate fruit size, and even speed ripening. This technique is used by some farmers but it is optional.
- Harvest your grow: Once your plants are ready you can harvest them.
- Flushing: After harvesting, you should flush the entire system. Use peroxide to sterilize and copper solutions to kill mold and bacteria.
Why choose to grow plants in a hydroponic system
Hydroponic plants have a higher growth rate than soil plants grown under the same conditions. They also produce greater yields. This can be attributed to the fact that the nutrients are available all the time.
The plants need not produce large roots and they can devote all their energy to producing the crop which results in bigger crops.
Hydroponic plants also have fewer problems with disease, funguses, and bug infestations.
You can grow almost any houseplant, fruit or vegetables such as leeks, garlic, kale, spinach just to mention but a few that you want in your hydroponic garden.
Hydroponic systems are also beneficial to the environment. Hydroponic gardening constantly reuses the nutrient solutions which mean that it uses less water than soil gardening.
Top soil erosion is not an issue because hydroponics gardening system does not use soil.
What do I need to get started?
- Easy to use complete Deep Water Culture Hydroponic System! 4 Growing Sites!
- Deep Water Kit Includes Air pump, air lines, air stones, 10" basket lids, (4) 5...
- Each Deep Water Culture bucket includes a water level indicator and drain so...
Homemade hydroponics is gaining popularity and you may wonder how exactly should you go about it.
It is interesting to note that you can also farm mushroom using hydro farming, read more here.
If you decide to go the hydroponics way and want to build your own hydroponic system there are several things you will need which include:
- A water supply
- Reservoir to hold the nutrient solution
Check other items you need below:
|Hydroponic Grow Tent for Indoor Plant Growing||Apollo Mylar Plant Growing Tent - 100% Reflective Tear Proof Mylar / Heavy Duty Zippers & Double Stitching for Light Protection.||4.3||32.3 pounds||Check Price|
|Inline Exhausting Fan & Carbon Air Filter||iPower High CFM Inline Exhausting Fan & Carbon Air Filter w/1050+||4.3||4 Inch||Check Price|
|Active Aqua Submersible Water Pump||Indoor / outdoor use. 100+ gallon reservoirs, 1,000 gallons per hour. Environmentally safe.||4.3||1000 GPH||Check Price|
|AeroGarden Classic 6 with Gourmet Herb Seed Pod Kit||Miracle-Gro Full spectrum 20-watt LED lighting system. Grow 6 Plants e.g fresh herbs, vegetables, salad greens, flowers.||4.4||Check Price|
|LED Grow Light Full Spectrum ETL Certification Lighting for Hydroponic Indoor Greenhouse||VDE and UL Certification Wires with Heatproof Tube. Coverage: 2×2ft(Veg); 1.5×1.5ft(Bloom), Power draw: 110v||4.6||12 x 8 x 3 ft||Check Price|
|Advanced Platinum Series P300 300w 12-band LED Grow Light||Platinum LED lights. 2x-3x the intensity of any other lights. 2x high speed whisper quiet fans.||4.5||400w HPS||Check Price|
|Led Grow light Bulb , Grow Plant Light for Hydropoics Greenhouse Organic||TaoTronics 12 LEDs (3 blue & 9 red), ultra bright. No energy waste like fluorescent lights.||4.5||E26 12w 3 Bands||Check Price|
|General Hydroponics General Organics Go Box||BioThrive Grow and Bloom fertilizers. Samples of CaMg+, BioRoot, BioWeed, BioBud , BioMarine & Diamond Black||4.3||Check Price|
|Liquid Nutrient Trio Soil Formula: Big Bloom, Grow Big, Tiger Bloom Pack of 3 - 32 oz. bottles||Ideal for mature, late-season flowers and fruit. Grow Big produces lush, vegetative, compact growth.||4.7||32 oz||Check Price|
|General Hydroponics General Hydroponics Ph Control Kit||Ph Control Kit works superbly in hydroponic environments. Includes 8oz bottle of pH Up & pH Test Indicator tube||4.6||8 oz||Check Price|
|Clay Pebbles Grow Media for Aquaponics • Aquaculture • Hydroponics||100% natural expanded clay. Inert, pH-neutral & clean.||4.8||2LBS||Check Price|
|Hydrofarm Grodan Rockwool Plugs||Grodan Stonewool (rockwool) made from molten rock spun into cotton candy-like fibers. V-shape design.||4.5||1 Sheet of 98||Check Price|
|Round HEAVY DUTY Net Cups Pots For Aquaponics • Aquaculture • Hydroponics||3 inch Net cup. Appropriate-sized grow media. Wide Lip design.||4.7||3-1/4" Wide by 2-1/2" Tall||Check Price|
|Jump Start Hot House with Heat Mat With Tray||Waterproof heat mat, 17 watts, 120 volt. 2" humidity dome. 11" x 22" watertight base tray.||4.0||2 Inch Dome||Check Price|
|Deep Water Culture Hydroponic Bucket Kit 5 Gallon||Inexpensive complete kit by PowerGrow Systems. Includes 44 GPH Air Pump, Air Tubing, Air Stone, Growing Medium, and Rockwool Seeds Starting Plugs.||4.4||8 pounds||Check Price|
|Viagrow Complete Ebb & Flow System||Flood & Drain Fitting Kit • 50 Liter Bag Grow Rocks - ViaStone • Viagrow 211 GPH Submersible Pump.||3.7||100 pounds||Check Price|
Where can I get a hydroponics system?
You can purchase hydroponic systems, hydroponic seeds, hydro grow nutrients, light sources and other components from a variety of hydroponic suppliers.
It is always wise to buy from reputable suppliers who can make recommendations and offer a warranty on the products you buy.
Do it yourself (DIY) hydroponic systems are also an option that you can look into if you want to try out homemade hydroponics gardening.
Can I build my own hydroponic system?
If you are handy with gardening tools then you can learn how to make a hydroponic garden.
The question is which is the best hydroponic system to adopt, keep reading because we’ll address that in this post.
You can buy the various components which also include a full grow tent kits at stores and build your own hydroponic system.
Diy hydroponic systems offer the user the freedom of customizing the design to fit the available space and plants being grown.
You will need to use specially designed nutrients for your system which you can buy. You will also need to use hydroponic medium, which are inert, that do not break down quickly.
What about light?
If you decide to build indoor hydroponic system you will need a grow light. This is an artificial light source which emits light appropriate for photosynthesis.
You can also choose to grow hydroponically outdoors to make use of natural light. Reflector-Series 600W LED Grow Light Full Spectrum for Indoor Plants Veg and Flower
- 【Optimal Spectrum】The secret to VIPARSPECTRA’s success is optimal full...
- 【VEG & BLOOM Switches】 The V600 light comes with VEG and BLOOM...
- 【Daisy Chain Function】Daisy Chain feature assists growers to connect...
Hydroponic seed nursery
Fill the grow tray with clean water or a weak nutrient solution until it is 1/2” full from the bottom.
Ensure there is adequate light and recommended temperature usually 75-90°. You may also need to use a heating mat if space is cold.
- Warm root area up 10 to 20 degrees over ambient temperature
- Improve germination process and improve on seedling and cuttings success
- Durable with water resistant
Germinating your hydroponic seeds
Soak your starter cubes in clean water for an hour and then shake out any excess water. Insert 2-4 seeds into each starter cube hole.
Place the starter cube in a nursery. You can opt to use zip lock bags and add extra drops of water. Add water or nutrient solution directly to the tray.
Once the seeds have germinated gradually intensify the plant light. You can do this by moving the lighting closer to the plants each day.
Continue feeding your seedlings with hydroponic nutrients that are properly mixed.
Transplanting your hydroponic seeds
Once the roots start poking out from the starter cube they are ready for transplanting. Depending on the type of plant this can take from 2-4 weeks.
Transfer and cover the starter cube by clearing a small are in the growing media. Water your transplanted seedling with the appropriate nutrient solution for the first few days.
This will allow the seedling’s root system to naturally seek out its new nutrient and water source.
- Super Sprouter 7 in Ultra Clear Vented Dome with built in light track channels
- Super Sprouter 18 in high output T5 fluorescent grow light designed for the...
- Super Sprouter Double Thick 10 x 20 inch tray with no holes
Main Types of hydroponic systems
With the right systems of hydroponics you can easily double your crop production. Below find some of the simple and best hydroponic systems that you can adapt.
- Wick system
The simplest type of hydroponic system is the wick system. This system is passive and has no moving parts.
A wick is used to draw the nutrient solution into the growing medium from the reservoir. However, large plants may use the nutrient solution faster than the wick can supply it.
Growing medium that can be used for the wick system includes vermiculite, perlite, coconut fiber and pro-mix among others.
- Deep Water culture hydroponic system
No products found.
This type of hydroponic system makes use of a platform usually made of Styrofoam that holds the plants.
The platform floats directly on the nutrient solution. An air stone is used to bubble the nutrient solution and supply oxygen to the plant roots. Air is supplied to the air stone by an air pump.
The water culture is a great system for growing fast growing water loving plants such as the leaf lettuce and can be made out of a water tight container. However, the water culture system does not work well with large or long term plants.
- Ebb & flow hydroponics system
It is also known as the flood and drain system. This hydroponic system works by using the nutrient solution to temporarily flood the grow tray and then drains the solution.
This system uses a submerged pump connected to a timer. The medium that can be used for the ebb and flow system include gravel, granular rock wool or grow rocks.
The growing medium can be filled in pots to make it easier to move the plants around.
- Drip systems
The drip hydroponic system uses a simple operation that requires a timer and a submersed pump.
Once the pump is turned on by the timer, the nutrient solution flows through a small drip line and drips onto the base of each plant. The drip system can be recovery or non-recovery.
Recovery drip system: In this system, a reservoir is usually in place to collect the excess (run-off) nutrient solution for re-use. As this system does not require precise control of watering cycles, an inexpensive timer can be used.
The reservoir requires periodic monitoring and adjustment of nutrient strength levels and pH. Non-recovery drip system: In this system the runoff is not collected.
A precise timer is required to ensure that runoff is minimal and the watering cycles are not interrupted so that the plants get an adequate nutrient solution.
This system does not require adjustment of pH levels because pH and nutrient strength remains constant.
- Nutrient Film Technique (N.F.T.)
- Hydroponics system-Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) NFT provides no medium support...
- This feed cycle can be intermittent or continuous. An ¡intermittent¡¯ feed...
- you can easily grow your favourite flowers in your home without any muddy mess...
This type of hydroponic system has a constant flow of nutrient solution. A timer is not required for the submersible pump which pumps the nutrient solution into the growing tray and flows over the plants roots before draining into the reservoir.
This type of system uses air only as a growing medium.
- Vertical Systems for Organic Farming: Nutraponics is a modular, stackable and...
- Effortless Results Every Time: Specifically tailored to provide the optimum...
- Highly Energy Efficient: With Nutraponics, you are in control of air humidity,...
This uses air as the growing medium. The roots are usually hanging in the air and then misted with the nutrient solution every few minutes.
If misting cycles are interrupted the roots dry out and so the system requires a short cycle timer which runs the pump every few minutes. Click here to get the latest prices for an indoor Aeroponics system.
It doesn’t stop there, click here to see more advanced hydroponics growing kit.
Types of Hydroponic lights Lamp
Different lighting can be used in hydroponics to aid in plant growth. It is important to provide plants everything they need to grow. Light is one of the factors needed and is crucial to plant growth.
Giving your plant all the other variables and not light will make the plant not reach its maximum potential. Light bulbs produce a range of colors. Plants react differently to different color spectrums and certain spectrums provide the best growth for certain plants.
Using the correct spectrum for your plant will ensure you achieve maximum yields.
These are commonly used as household bulbs and are not efficient for plant growth. They also produce a lot of heat which will make the cost of cooling your plant’s increase. Incandescent lights are not recommended in hydroponics.
- 3"H x 13.5"W x 23"L
- Includes 8' grounded power cord
- Includes 4 6400K T5 Tubes
These are great for indoor plants. High output bulbs are very efficient and will produce more light while using less electricity.
Fluorescent lamps are available in different spectrums and you can choose the one most ideal for your plant. However, they are not the best for large plants because they do not deeply penetrate.
Compact fluorescent lamps can also be used while ensuring to use reflectors because the light is produced in all directions.
High-Intensity Discharge (HID) Lamps
- HIGH QUALITY LED GROW LIGHT: KingLED grow light has adopted the newest LM301B...
- FULL SPECTRUM LED GROW LIGHT: The proportion of the spectrum has been adjusted...
- COST-EFFECTIVE LED GROW LIGHT: Different from the traditional HPS, Our KP1000...
These lamps are up to 8 times more efficient than incandescent lamps and have very high light output. They make use of a special bulb and electronic or mechanical ballast.
Extra ventilation is required when using HID’s because they produce a lot of heat. The lights should ideally be hung 2 ft above the plants.
Hydroponics with LED light technology
Light is crucial to hydroponics and the invention of LED light technology has come with great benefits to hydroponics.
LED light has full spectrum lighting and is used to give greenhouses optimum environment for plant growth. Click here to learn more.
In a controlled environment, the technology is used because its effects can be closely monitored and adjustments made to maximize yields.
LED light technology can be used for plants that require different spectrums because the technology can be tailored.
LED’s can be used in hydroponics as the main source of light. However, if the environment has sunlight exposure it can be supplemental.
Unlike another form of lighting, LED’s do not require reflectors; they direct all of their light to the plant. They can be placed close to the plant because they are less radiant.
- ►Blurples Light—Roleadro Grow light is an infrared grow light that is great...
- ►Higher PAR Value and Energy Saving—Unique 90 degree optical lens and...
- ►Unique LED Bead and Zener Design—This plant light adopted led bead and...
Learn more about hydroponic grow lighting.
How do I choose the best light for my plant?
Budget, size and type of enclosure and ventilation are the factors that need to be considered when buying grow lights.
Fluorescent lamps are best for low budget growers while compact fluorescent lamps are better for small scale growers.
HID lamps produce the highest output and are best for larger plants. Enclosed reflectors are recommended when using HID lights.
It is also ideal to vent the grow space to the outside or a crawlspace when using HID lights. LED’s are best for long term growers and will help save money in the long run.
Examples Of Hydroponics Gardening Systems
Above we’ve discussed the main types of hydroponics farming setups, now we look into other Do-It-Yourself hydroponics which you can easily to implement in your backyard. These plans and designs in hydroponics include;
Hydroponic green wall systems
Image from rugsandblinds
These can be either large panels or modular containers. They are installed through brackets which sit out from a load bearing wall so as to create an air gap between the green wall sheet and the wall.
The physical anchor of the plants holds the growing medium which is inert. This acts as sponge that retents water.
Hydroponic Tiered System
Hydroponic tiered system utilizes stacks to maximize space use making it very efficient. A variety of plants, fruits, and vegetable can be used on this system such as tomatoes, strawberries, and wild herbs.
Most off the shelf models are automated making maintaining your garden easy. Manual tiered systems are also available. They require you to determine a watering schedule.
Boxed Hydroponic garden
Boxed hydroponics involves growing plants in a box system. It is ideal for indoor cultivation. Fully automated models are available in the market and they are easy to assemble and maintain.
The boxes come with an enclosed chamber which contains the wiring, grow lights, grow medium and environmental controls.
When choosing a box you should consider boxes whose exteriors are made of aluminum because that is the best material for indoor or patio growing.
The boxes should also be well ventilated while keeping odor away and the lights trapped in the box. The box’s interiors should be able to allow reflectiveness and this can be done by painting it white on the inside.
Hydroponic Indoor Cupboards
Indoor cupboards are designed to make growing plants much easier. Quality yields can be achieved y ensuring that the reservoir water is changed every week or so, adjusting the pH and adding required nutrients to the system.
Most off the shelf models include 8 band spectrum LED lights for effective pant growth. Adjustable net trail are used to support yields that are heavier.
The airflow is controlled by an internal fan which is adjustable. Some models have a CO2 regulator which increases yields by 30%.
Read a detail post on how to setup co2 grow room.
Windowsill Hydroponic System
This system is simple to construct and will help you save money on basic vegetables and fruits. A common roasting pan can be used as a container.
It should be made of alum foil. An insulation medium such as fiberglass should be wrapped around the tray to protect from sudden temperature variations.
Space is usually a factor that inhibits people from gardening. But using the windowsill hydroponic system plants can be grown in the very comfort of your home. This gives you fresh vegetables as well as adding to the aesthetic value and décor of your home.
Various planters are also available in the market. They can be none powered or powered by solar or electricity. A basic planter unit can grow 3 plants.
The system uses drip irrigation system and the window sunshine is usually adequate lighting. However, if the window does not let in tons of sunshine you can supplement with LED grow lights.
Small Container DIY hydroponics system
No products found.
Small containers can be recycled and used as planters that can be placed in and around the house. You can DIY and convert unused containers into a small hydroponic system. You can put it all together by yourself.
The small container hydroponic system can utilize two systems to operate. One uses electricity and a small pump to operate. The second does not use pumps, cords or tubes. It is now circulating.
CFL lamps are adequate for most plants but fruiting plants such as peppers and tomatoes will require more light for maximum yields. You can choose to paint the container to fit into your home décor.
DIY Powerhouse Hydroponics, DIY Condensed Hydroponics System Cheap and Expandable Hydroponic System can be constructed with readily available materials from a hydroponics store to create a simple system to grow plants in.
Or check out prices here of already designed hydroponics just require you to setup.
Raft Hydroponic System
This hydroponic system is cheap efficient and fun to build. The system works by using the raft as water culture system.
The plants are suspended on top of a pool of water with nutrient solutions and the roots dangle inside it.
The pants are held afloat by a material such as Styrofoam. Plants commonly grown in this system are short in statures such as kitchen herbs and tomatoes, learn more about hydroponics tomatoes.
Hydroponic Crystal Magic
This is a multi-functional mixture of nutrients which include nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus among others. It is odorless, non-toxic and not a pollutant.
Crystal magic is colorful and can be used to grow plants and flowers without watering for a long time. It can also be used as a decoration by placing it in a transparent container.
Cascades of Bottles Hydroponics
Bottles can be recycled and used o grow soilless plants. In most cases, you will need the bottle with the caps on. They should also be clean.
The bottles can be oriented against a vertical wall or hung on strings hanging down in a cascading line. They can also be hung diagonally.
How you orient the cascade of bottles depends on how you want to situate your plants. Access holes should be cut out to allow an area for the plants to sit in.
This can be done by hollowing out on side of the bottle and letting it serve as the irrigation drain.
You can also cut a few air holes to allow the plants to breathe. In this case, the plants are basically enclosed in the bottle. The irrigation tubing should run from one bottle to the next.
You should ensure that the bottles will hold the water in pace while feeding the plant roots. A reservoir is necessary to hold water when it’s not being used and a pump will be required to get water to the top.
Dutch Bucket Hydroponic System
Image by knutsonsharvest
Hydroponic Dutch bucket systems are also known as bato bucket systems. They are simple to build and the buckets break the media bed system into smaller components.
This system can allow for each bucket to be set up separately which allows larger crops to be spaced out without wasting the growing medium.
The system is also useful for the management of pests because an infected plant can be removed from the system. It is considered to one of the best hydroponic system and its easy to implement.
Kratky Hydroponic System
This system is great because it allows plant growth without the use of pumps, electricity or wicks. It does not require a reservoir or the addition of nutrients.
A pot is filled with growing medium and placed in a reservoir which is then filled with a specific nutrient solution. Ensure that the nutrient solution does not reach the net pot.
An airstone is added to the system to create bubbles which pop to the water surface. The bubbles hit the growing medium and feed the plant’s root system. As the roots grow, they hit the water surface.
The Kratky hydroponic system ensures that your plants never dry out because the growing medium is always wet.
As the plant grows, the water level declines. However, by then the plant roots have descended into the solution of nutrients. More of the root system is exposed to the air ensuring that the plants get adequate oxygen to thrive.
Zig Zag Hydroponic System
- The system produces high-quality vegetables, herbs, melons, and berries--45-day...
- Extremely simple to assemble and use, this hydroponic indoor or outdoor grow...
- This hybrid model can be Ebb and Flow type when using a time controller or a...
This system allows you to use a small space as small as 1-meter square to grow plants.
A water pump, nutrient solution, nutrient tank, grow tube columns (with elbow connectors), hose connectors, hydro ton clay balls, hydroponic pots and germination pellets are the items needed to construct the zig zag hydroponic system.
A-Frame Hydroponic System
This system creates a vertical garden maximizing the number of plants which can be grown in a small space. The system can be done by small-scale growers or adapted into a much larger system.
It can be constructed using inexpensive materials such as boards for the A-frame, a plastic reservoir, PVC tubes and pipes to circulate the water and valves to control the flow of water drainage. The system is also portable.
PVC gutter hydroponics
image picked from instructables
PVC gutters can be used to construct a hydroponic system to grow plants. The system is used on windows that do not have tables.
If a table already exists on the window the frame can be modified to fit in. This system is however only experimental. A hydroponics store can supply the nutrient solution, growing medium, tubes, pumps and other equipment.
Learn more about pvc hydroponics farming.
Click here to check prices of PVC gutter.
Hydroponic Fish Tank
Hydroponic fish tanks make use of fish tanks to grow plants. It is a symbiotic relationship because the fish in the tank fertilize the plants while the plants clean and filter the water for the fish.
Fish excrete ammonia which is toxic to fish in a regular tank. In the hydroponic fish tank, the ammonia is pumped up to the plants which enable them to grow two times faster.
The clean water is then filtered and recycled into the fish tank. This system creates a self-cleaning low maintenance cycle which provides a garden as well as healthy fish.
Hydroponic fish tanks are available in aquaponics or hydroponics supply stores. The come in different sizes and shapes. To get started you will need a fish tank, organic radish sprout seeds, and wheatgrass fish food, fertilizer, water pump, grow stones and gravel.
Hydroponic Vertical Garden Pipe
The hydroponic vertical garden pipe allows you to have a vertical hydroponic garden system. This maximizes on available space and has a unique system of irrigation ensuring minimum water wastage.
Excess water from the plant above is soaked up by the plant below it and so on. The system is portable and can be used time and again.
Hydroponic Rain Tower
The hydroponic rain tower uses a pump to deliver the nutrient solution to the top of the tower. The nutrient solution then rains down on the plant roots inside the tower.
The main tower can be a PVC fence post with another PVC pipe holding the pots diagonally in the tower. A bucket can be used as a reservoir to hold water and nutrient solution.
Smartphone Powered Hydroponic
Smartphone apps are available in the current market to help monitor and control your hydroponic garden even while you are away from it.
The Smartphone powered hydroponic system feeds and waters your plants allowing you to control and create the perfect environment for your plants.
Sensors are used to detect changes in water levels and pH. Light cycles, humidity, temperature, and irrigation are automated for better plant yields.
Some of the features in the Smartphone hydroponic system include an automated irrigation system which varies with the type of plant being grown.
Vegetables require a warmer temperature and a heater system is also incorporated to cultivate the right temperature for the plants.
Smartphone hydroponics system allows you to stay connected anywhere anytime and you can check up on your plants. The other kit that is automated is the Aerogrow kit.
Big Buddha Box Vertical Hydroponics
- -Cleanest, most advanced vertical growing system on the market
- -Dual 600 WATT HPS Air-Cooled Lights for 87-plants
- -70 Gallon SuperPonics HydroSystem combines Ebb and Flow with DWC
This type of hydroponic system utilizes VerticalPonic technology. This technology combines the vertical hydroponic system with SuperCloset’s SuperPonics.
This enhances crop yield to 5 times more. It also enhances plant growth giving yield that is five times bigger. The system comes with dimmable lights and can sustain up to 75 plants.
It includes a watering system and Air pumps to power the oxygenation system. A 70-gallon reservoir acts as a backup to ensure the success of your plants.
Ezgro Original hydroponic Garden Planter
Ezgro is a type of hydroponic system that is vertical and utilizes stacks. It can be used indoor or outdoor.
The system is efficient and soilless. It uses less space, nutrients, and water while producing better yields than traditional gardening.
Weeding and pests are eliminated making the plants grow better. The Ezgro original hydroponic is easy to assemble and use. Its maintenance is pretty straightforward and instructions come with each model.
Special organic medium and nutrient solutions are provided in every kit. Ezgro pots are protected from UV and are made from nested plastic which is stain resistant and unbreakable.
Window Front Aquaponic System
Not any species of fish can be used for aquaponics gardening. With the Fun store front aquaponic system you are able to get fish and plants that will provide each other with the necessary nutrients in a symbiotic system that is beneficial to all.
To learn more about aquaponics system click here.
These systems use a container to hold the substrate. The container can be made of either plastic or metal. The substrate is placed in a bag which water permeable or directly into the container.
Most of these systems are automated for irrigation. You also need to have Drip trays, these are used to capture any excess water from the medium after irrigation.
This includes droplets of water from the foliage. The drip tray should be sizable enough to hold water volume equal to the irrigation cycle.
The recaptured water can be re-pumped to the top of the wall or recycled. It is important to treat it to avoid nutrient build up.
Hydroponic walls differ greatly in both design and construction. Modular green models are available and can be bought off the shelf. You can decide to DIY or have custom made model fitted to a wall.
Hydroponics walls are aesthetic and in addition to this they can provide you with fruits, vegetables, flowers and even plants.
Conclusion: If you follow the above details you can now easily get your own hydroponic project moving in the right direction.
All the best.
Last update on 2021-09-27 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API